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Arf6 Activation Assay Kit

价格6800
品牌NewEastBio   
产地美国
货号82401
免疫原Mouse
规格20Test
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  • 概述

    Configuration-specific Monoclonal Antibody Based

    Arf6 Activation Assay Kit

    Catalog Number:82401

    20 assays



    Product Description

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方    ARF6 (ADP-ribosylation factor 6) is a member of the ARF super-family. ARF genes encode small GTPases that increase the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of cholera toxin and are critical for vesicular trafficking as activators of phospholipase D. Arf6 regulates membrane trafficking and functions as a regulatory molecule of phagocytosis.


        Currently there is no direct assay to measure the activation of Arf 6 GTPase.


    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方    NewEast Biosciences Arf6 Activation Assay Kit is based on the configuration-specific monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes Arf6-GTP, but not Arf6-GDP, and an Arf6 specific rabbit polyclonal antibody. Given the high affinity of monoclonal antibodies to their antigens, the activation assay could be performed in a short time. This assay provides the reliable results with consistent reproducibility.


        These anti-Arf 6-GTP monoclonal antibodies can also be used to monitor the activation of Arf 6 in cells and in tissues by immunohistochemistry.


        NewEast Biosciences Arf6 Activation Assay Kit provides a simple and fast method to monitor the activation of Arf 6. Each kit provides sufficient quantities to perform 20 assays.


    Assay Principle

        NewEast Biosciences Arf 6 Activation Assay Kit bases on the configuration-specific anti-Arf 6-GTP monoclonal antibody to measure the active Arf 6-GTP levels, either from cell extracts or from in vitro GTPγS loading Arf 6 activation assays. Briefly, anti-active Arf 6 mouse monoclonal antibody will be incubated with cell lysates containing Arf 6-GTP. The bound active Arf 6 will then be pulled down by protein A/G agarose. The precipitated active Arf 6 will be detected by immunoblot analysis using an anti-Arf 6 rabbit polyclonal antibody, respectively.


    Kit Components

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方1. Anti-active Arf 6, Mouse Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog No. 26918): One vial – 22 µL (1

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方    mg/ml) in PBS, pH 7.4, containing 50% glycerol and 0.05% sodium azide. This antibody

        specifically recognizes Arf 6-GTP from all vertebrates.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方2. Protein A/G Agarose (Catalog No. 30301): One vial – 400 µL of 50% slurry. 

    3. 5X Assay/Lysis Buffer (Catalog No. 30302): One bottle – 30 mL of 250 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8,    750mM NaCl, 50 mM MgCl2, 5 mM EDTA, 5% Triton X-100.

    4. Anti- Arf 6, Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog No. 21032): One vial – 100 µL (1 mg/ml)

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方    in PBS, pH 7.4, contained 50% glycerol.

    5. 100 X GTPγS (Catalog No. 30303): One vial –100 µl at 10 mM, use 5 µL of GTPγS for GTP-abeling of 0.5 mL of cell lysate.

    6. 100 X GDP (Catalog No. 30304): One vial –100 µl at 100 mM, use 5 µL of GDP for GDP-    labeling of 0.5 mL of cell lysate. 


    Storage

        Store all kit components at 4ºC until their expiration dates. 


    Materials Needed but Not Supplied

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方1. Stimulated and non-stimulated cell lysates

    2. Protease inhibitors

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方3. 4 °C tube rocker or shaker

    4. 0.5 M EDTA, pH8.0

    5. 1 M MgCl2

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方6. 2X reducing SDS-PAGE sample buffer

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方7. Electrophoresis and immunoblotting systems

    8. Immunoblotting wash buffer such as TBST (10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 0.15 M NaCl, 0.05%

    Tween-20)

    9. Immunoblotting blocking buffer (TBST containing 5% Non-fat Dry Milk or 3% BSA)

    10. PVDF or nitrocellulose membrane

    11. Secondary Antibody

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方12. ECL Detection Reagents 


    Reagent Preparation

    • 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer: Mix the 5X Stock briefly and dilute to 1X in deionized water. Just       prior to usage, add protease inhibitors such as 1 mM PMSF, 10 µg/mL leupeptin, and 10     µg/mL aprotinin. 


    Sample Preparation

    Adherent Cells

    1. Culture cells (one 10-cm plate, ~ 107cells) to approximately 80-90% confluence.Stimulate cells with activator or inhibitor as desired.

    2. Aspirate the culture media and wash twice with ice-cold PBS.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方3. Completely remove the final PBS wash and add ice-cold 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer to the cells (0.5- 1 mL per 10 cm tissue culture plate).

    4. Place the culture plates on ice for 10-20 minutes.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方5. Detach the cells from the plates by scraping with a cell scraper.

    6. Transfer the lysates to appropriate size tubes and place on ice.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方7. If nuclear lysis occurs, the cell lysates may become very viscous and difficult to pipette. If     this occurs, lysates can be passed through a 27½-gauge syringe needle 3-4 times to        shear the genomic DNA.

    8. Clear the lysates by centrifugation for 10 minutes (12,000 x g at 4 °C).

    9. Collect the supernatant and store samples (~1-2 mg of total proteins) on ice for    immediate use,or snap freeze and store at - 70 °C for future use.

    Suspension Cells

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方1. Culture cells and stimulate with activator or inhibitor as desired.

    2. Perform a cell count, and then pellet the cells by centrifugation.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方3. Aspirate the culture media and wash twice with ice-cold PBS.

    4. Completely remove the final PBS wash and add ice-cold 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer to the cell   pellet(0.5 – 1 mL per 1 x 107cells).

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方5. Lyse the cells by repeated pipetting.

    Publications:
    1.  
        Hepatology Volume 61, Issue 1, pages 361–374, January 2015
    2.  
        Endocrinology. 2014 Sep;155(9):3315-28

    6. Transfer the lysates to appropriate size tubes and place on ice.

    7. If nuclear lysis occurs, the cell lysates may become very viscous and difficult to pipette. If     thisoccurs, lysates can be passed through a 27½-gauge syringe needle 3-4 times to            shear thegenomic DNA.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方8. Clear the lysates by centrifugation for 10 minutes (12,000 x g at 4 °C).

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方9. Collect the supernatant and store samples on ice for immediate use, or snap freeze and     store at -70 °C for future use.


    In vitro GTPγS/GDP Protein Loading for positive and negative controls

        Note: In vivo stimulation of cells will activate approximately 10% of the available Arf 6, whereas in vitro GTPγS protein loading will activate nearly 90% of the Arf 6. 


    1, Aliquot 0.5 ml of each cell extract to two microfuge tubes (or use 1 µg of purified Arf 6

        protein).

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方2, To each tube, add 20 µl of 0.5 M EDTA (to 20 mM final concentration).

    3, Add 5 µl of 100 X GTPγS (to 100 µM, final concentration) to one tube (positive control).

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方4, Add 5 µl of 100 X GDP (to 1 mM, final concentration) to the second tube (negative            control).

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方5, Incubate the tubes at 30°C for 30 minutes with agitation.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方6, Stop loading by placing the tubes on ice and adding 32.5 µl of 1 M MgCl2 (to 60 mM,        final concentration). 


    Assay Procedure

    I. Active Arf 6 Pull-Down Assay

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方1. Aliquot 0.5 – 1 mL of cell lysate to a microcentrifuge tube.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方2. Adjust the volume of each sample to 1 mL with 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方3. Add 1 µl anti-active Arf 6 monoclonal antibody to the tube.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方4. Thoroughly resuspend the protein A/G Agarose bead slurry by vortexing or titurating.

    5. Quickly add 20 µL of resuspended bead slurry to each tube.

    6. Incubate the tubes at 4 °C for 1 hour with gentle agitation.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方7. Pellet the beads by centrifugation for 1 min at 5,000 x g.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方8. Aspirate and discard the supernatant, making sure not to disturb/remove the bead             pellet.

    9. Wash the bead 3 times with 0.5 mL of 1X Assay/Lysis Buffer, centrifuging and aspirating     each time.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方10. After the last wash, pellet the beads and carefully remove all the supernatant.

    11. Resuspend the bead pellet in 20 µL of 2X reducing SDS-PAGE sample buffer.

    12. Boil each sample for 5 minutes.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方13. Centrifuge each sample for 10 seconds at 5,000 x g.

    II. Electrophoresis and Transfer

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方1. Load 15 µL/well of pull-down supernatant to a polyacrylamide gel (17%). Also, it’s 

        recommended to include a pre-stained MW standard (as an indicator of a successful        transfer in step 3).

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方2. Perform SDS-PAGE following the manufacturer’s instructions.

    3. Transfer the gel proteins to a PVDF or nitrocellulose membrane following the                    manufacturer’s instructions. 


    III. Immunoblotting and Detection (all steps are at room temperature, with agitation)

    1. Following the electroblotting step, immerse the PVDF membrane in 100% Methanol for     15 seconds, and then allow it to dry at room temperature for 5 minutes.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方    Note: If Nitrocellulose is used instead of PVDF, this step should be skipped.

    2. Block the membrane with 5% non-fat dry milk or 3% BSA in TBST for 1 hr at room            temperature with constant agitation.

        Incubate the membrane with anti- Arf 6 rabbit polyclonal antibody, freshly diluted            1:50~1000 (depending on the amount of Arf 6 proteins in your samples) in 5% non-fat     dry milk or 3% BSA/TBST, for 1-2 hr at room temperature with constant agitation or at 

        4o彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方C overnight.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方3. Wash the blotted membrane three times with TBST, 5 minutes each time.

    彩票app下载官网-正规彩票投注app-彩票app官方4. Incubate the membrane with a secondary antibody (e.g. Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG, HRP-           conjugate),freshly diluted 1:1000 in 5% non-fat dry milk or 3% BSA/TBST, for 1 hr at            room temperature with constant agitation.

    5. Wash the blotted membrane three times with TBST, 5 minutes each time.

    6. Use the detection method of your choice such as ECL. 


    Example of Results

    The following figure demonstrates typical results seen with NewEast Biosciences Arf 6 Activation Assay Kit. One should use the data below for reference only. 

    QQ截图20191118094459.png


    Arf6 activation assay. Purified Arf6 proteins were immunoprecipitated after treated with GDP (lane1) or GTPγS (lane 2). Immunoprecipitation was done with the anti-active Arf6 monoclonal antibody

    (Cat. No. 26918). Immunoblot was with an anti-Arf6 rabbit polyclonal antibody(Cat. No. 21032). 


    Publications:
    1.  
        Hepatology Volume 61, Issue 1, pages 361–374, January 2015
    2.  
        Endocrinology. 2014 Sep;155(9):3315-28


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